Transforming Impossible into Possible (TIP)® Institute

How are you TIPPING?

Transforming Impossible into Possible (TIP)®

Transforming Impossible into Possible (TIP)® is:

  • Evidence-informed intervention model that addresses the psychological self-sufficiency (PSS) process in workforce development and other goal-directed outcomes.

  • PSS comprises perceived employment barriers and employment hope. They can be measured by the Perceived Employment Barrier Scale (PEBS) and the Short Employment Hope Scale (EHS-14) (see Research for related publications).

  • PSS is conceptualized as a psychological capital that serves as the core skill set necessary to develop and glue together the mosaic of all human and social capital.

  • TIP® program is an evidence-informed intervention model developed by Dr. Philip Hong in collaboration with community-based group work practitioners. Its transformative leadership development curriculum empowers the participants to develop self-awareness, confidence, hope, goal-orientation, leadership, accountability, conscientiousness, and grit, it is anticipated that it improves both employment and retention outcomes. TIP program is made up of transformative 15-session employment readiness modules designed to assist low-income job seekers transition from long-term unemployment—due to welfare receipt, homelessness, substance abuse, mental health issues, prison sentencing, etc.—to employment.

  • Find a copy of the outline here.

TIP Community Network

Dr. Hong has trained many agency staff to be facilitators of TIP®. As the number of agencies using the TIP® model has grown over the years, close agency network has gradually formed to provide continuing education / refresher opportunity. Periodic gathering of practitioners in a supportive, collaborative environment has fueled interest in becoming a truly genuine facilitator of TIP®. Agency leaders are committed to partnering with CROSS to help them strengthen the implementation capacity by sharing evidence, best practices, fidelity assurance, and other resources. A growing network of learning community has called for a formalization of TIP® Community Network.

Workforce Development


  • Children's Home + Aid

  • Fathers, Families, Healthy Communities

  • Family Focus

  • Metropolitan Family Services

Financial Capability

Youth Empowerment

TIP Publications

  • Hong, P.Y.P., Kim, S. H., Marley, J., & Park, J. H. (2021). Transforming Impossible into Possible (TIP) for SUD recovery: A promising practice innovation to combat the opioid crisis. Social Work in Health Care, 60, 509-528.

  • Hong, P.Y.P., Lewis, D., Park, J.H., Hong, R., & Davies, E. (2021). Transforming Impossible into Possible (TIP) for fatherhood: An empowerment-based social work intervention. Research on Social Work Practice, 31, 826-835.

  • Hong, P.Y.P., Choi, S., & Hong, R. (2020). A randomized controlled trial study of the Transforming Impossible into Possible (TIP) policy experiment in South Korea. Research on Social Work Practice, 30, 587-596.

  • Hong, R. & Hong, P.Y.P. (2019). Neurobiological core content in the research-supported Transforming Impossible into Possible (TIP) program model. Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work, 16, 497-510.

  • Choi, S., Hong, P.Y.P., & Kim, H. (2017). Development and evaluation of Psychological Self-Sufficiency Program in Korea: A demonstration project at the Gyonggi Regional Centers. Journal of Korean Social Welfare Administration, 19, 179-199 [In Korean].

  • Hong, P. Y. P. (2016). Transforming Impossible into Possible (TIP): A bottom-up practice in workforce development for low-income jobseekers. Environment and Social Psychology, 1, 93-104. [ecommons]

TIP Curriculum at a Glance

TIP Outline

TIP Theory of Change

Impact Grants Chicago Awards

TIP Impact at Growing Home

Copyright Statement

TIP ® is a copyrighted material (Material) owned by Dr. Philip Hong and TIP Institute. Material consists of the outline and curriculum content of the evidence-informed Transforming Impossible into Possible (TIP) ® program and its evaluative psychological self-sufficiency (PSS) metrics—Employment Hope Scale (EHS) and Perceived Employment Barrier Scale (PEBS)—developed by Dr. Hong. Please contact the author at before using the Material.


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